Copenhagen’s Tivoli Gardens

Tivoli Gardens

Is it worth going to Tivoli Gardens if you’re not a “ride” person? The amusement park is always near the top of Copenhagen “must-see” lists and is just down the street, so we decided to find out.

Built in 1843, Tivoli Gardens is the second oldest operating amusement park in the world (the first is also in Denmark). I read that it “was founded by Georg Carstensen who told then King Christian VIII ‘when the people are amusing themselves, they do not think about politics.’”(!) From the beginning, Tivoli included a theatre, band stands, amusement rides, cafés and restaurants.The area was illuminated at night with colored lights and there were frequently fireworks.

It’s not much different today. There are many stages and performances are held often. Movies are shown outside, too. Evenings and weekends draw huge crowds.

The original wooden roller coaster is still in operation. The rides have a truly vintage feel with the exception of several modern thrillers. The park recently added The Demon, a rollercoaster where passengers take a VR journey through a Chinese universe with fire-spitting dragons and exploding fireworks! 

I did go on one ride : )

In addition to a Food Hall that is also accessible to the public, charming restaurants, cafes and specialty sweet shops are scattered throughout the park.

There were many areas to relax among the beautiful flowers, fountains and lakes.

Tivoli Gardens and Georg Carstensen’s quote have me rethinking my concept of amusement park. While I am not particularly “amused” by rides, I am amused and delighted by colorful gardens, fun people watching and endless food and beverage choices.  During our time at Tivoli, we did not think about anything other than enjoying a wonderful day at a truly magical place!


Remembering the past

Remains of bomb-shelled Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church stands as a reminder of.the past.

Berlin has preserved and constructed many reminders of the country’s not-so-distant past in hopes that these memorials and museums continue to remind people of the horrors resulting from prejudice, hate, fear-mongering and war. There are at least 20 memorials to Holocaust victims in Berlin, including individual memorials for Roma (Gypsy), disabled and homosexual victims. The largest, on a site covering almost five acres, is the Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe. Two thousand-seven hundred-eleven concrete slabs of different heights are arranged on a wave-like concrete floor. The sheer size, openness and abstraction encourage visitors to individually and personally interpret the space. Do you feel anger? Sadness? Hope?

Even more moving to me, are memorials that are a million times smaller. As you walk around Berlin, you’ll come across small brass squares built into the sidewalks. The 10 square cm “stolpersteine,” or stumbling stones, have a simple inscription, “Here lived (name), date of birth, and fate (internment, suicide, exile or deportation/murder).” Each commemorates a victim outside their last-known freely chosen residence. Talk about making history personal! (Over 70,000 stones have been laid in more than 1,200 cities across Europe and Russia. Look for them when you travel.)

A City Divided

For some reason, I did not recall that Berlin was a “hole in the donut” rather than merely one city along a vast east-west Cold War border. I can’t imagine waking up one day to find myself literally walled off from family and friends, a job, my school. At least 171 people were killed trying to get over, under or around the Berlin Wall. From 1961 until the wall came down in 1989, more than 5,000 East Germans (including some 600 border guards) managed to cross the border by jumping out of windows adjacent to the wall, climbing over the barbed wire, flying in hot air balloons, crawling through the sewers and driving through unfortified parts of the wall at high speeds.

Most traces of the city’s division have been bulldozed over — streets, bridges and mass transit have been reconnected; districts have been realigned and merged.

The Oberbaumbrücke or Oberbaum Bridge connects the unified districts of Kreuzenberg and Friedrichshain. Do you remember it from one of the Jason Bourne movies?

(Answer: The Bourne Supremacy)

Brandenburg Gate

Mitte was once the heart of East Berlin. Now it is basically the city center due to its location, the fact that it remains the most urban-looking district and because Mitte is home to many of Berlin’s most popular sights

Celebrating the present

Berlin now prides itself on its inclusiveness and acceptance. Nowhere is this more evident than at the annual Carnival of Culture. The weekend celebration includes a parade celebrating the city’s diversity. We were among the million people that attended!

Hanging in Prenzlauer Berg

When the Berlin Wall came down, prosperity moved through East Berlin creating some of the city’s most popular areas. We are staying in one of them — Prenzlauer Berg. Once a Jewish ghetto, next a haven for squatters and artists, PB is now an affluent district brimming with young families (honestly, I have never seen so many buggies!). Elegant buildings which survived WWII, tree-lined cobblestone streets, playgrounds, countless small restaurants and cafes — all add to the area’s desirability. 

I mentioned the concept of ‘kiez’ in the previous  post. Berlin became a city by uniting small villages within a city environment. Prenzlauer Berg perfectly illustrates this village/neighborhood concept. Within a couple blocks of our apartment and tastefully integrated into the neighborhood ambience are a grocery store, a library and some day care centers. You don’t need to leave your neighborhood for anything but if you do, mass transit is conveniently located on a main street just a few blocks away.

The colorful East

Many of the districts in East Berlin seem to be more edgy and artsy. We see a lot of young people and there seems to be more nightlife. Street art is everywhere but Friedrichshain is probably the most famous for it. Here, the largest remaining section of the Berlin Wall is the world’s longest open air gallery (as well as a protected memorial).

East Side Gallery (Berlin Wall)

More street art in Friedrichshain

East Berlin —- always something happening

Bravo Berlin

We spent our last night with our friend Thomas and his Shakespeare Company Berlin for their opening night performance of “Love’s Labour Lost” at Schöneberger Südgelände. Bravo on a wonderful show and Bravo to the wonderful city of Berlin!

Pretty Potsdam

The city of Potsdam is thirty minutes southwest of Berlin. During the Cold War, the Gliencke Bridge separated the city from West Berlin as it crossed the Havel River border. This bridge was often used for the exchange of captured spies and it became known as the Bridge of Spies.

Gliencke Bridge (Bridge of Spies)

Nowadays, mass transit takes people back and forth. Potsdam’s many parks, ritzy neighborhoods, charming downtown and many cultural activities make it a popular getaway for Berlin residents and visitors.




A retreat fit — and created — for royalty and now open to the public is beautiful Sanssouci. Friedrich the Great built it as his summer getaway and the name literally means “living without a care.” The buildings are impressive and the massive grounds are stunning. You can understand why he loved this place and why so many do now. 

Hanging out in West Berlin

Willkomen to Charlottenburg, our pretty kiez (neighborhood) in West Berlin. Our apartment seems like the Taj Mahal after our small space in St. Petersburg — and we’re really liking the elevator up to this fourth floor! The lively area is a mix of ages with many young families. It seems everyone has a bike! And be careful — bikers don’t slow down in those dedicated bike lanes!

We’ve been impressed at the vast amount of green space throughout the city. There are many small squares (Platz), as well as larger parks. Several community gardens have popped up around rail tracks, greatly improving the look of that area. Plots are fenced off and many have cute little sheds and sitting areas. We visited one garden complex that even had a large public Biergarten!

The largest garden in the area can be found at Berlin’s largest palace, Charlottenburg Palace. Named after King Fredrick I’s wife, Sophie Charlotte, the gardens are beautiful!

Aside from our own exploring, our friend Thomas has been showing us around and giving us a feel for what it’s like to live in Berlin. We met him when we traveled to Vietnam in 2018. Thomas had told us all about his girlfriend Mara and we were so happy to meet her. Together, we’ve hit up some great restaurants and have spent a fair amount of time in the Biergartens at the Tiergarten (Berlin’s Central Park).

You really don’t need a car in Berlin. The city has an impressive transportation system; it’s convenient, efficient and comprehensive. More importantly, it’s easy to use! We start most of our adventures at the S-Bahn stop just around the corner. From there, the city is ours! We’ve explored some cool neighborhoods, visited great museums and done some window shopping. KaDeWe is one of the largest department stores in Europe with an amazing food court and restaurant on the top floors. Bikini Berlin is a bit more hip. Check out what Frank found in a sporting goods store!

KaDeWe Department Store (upper left and right); Bikini Berlin (lower left); Karstadt Sports (lower right)

With more than 150 museums, Berlin is a cultural treasure trove. What to see?!!! After all the palaces and galleries in St. Petersburg, we chose more personal interests. Frank and I spent a fascinating day at the Museum of Technology. He loved (what else?) — the planes, trains and automobiles! Totally blown away by the real-life double roundhouse with refurbished locomotives and cars, “There can’t be anything like this anywhere else in the world!” I was drawn to the amazing printing, film and photography areas. Truly an amazing museum!

Always intrigued by the “radical” Bauhaus School of artists (Kandinsky was a teacher), I was disappointed that the Bauhaus Museum was not open due to renovations. There is, however, a temporary space which has renderings of the finished museum and an awesome gift shop. The space also features an amazing photo exhibit of the school’s trailblazing women artists.

Temporary Bauhaus Archive/Museum

We continued our photography excursion with a visit to Berlin’s Museum für Fotografie. The Helmut Newton Foundation occupies the first two floors of the building. We viewed Newton’s famous nudes and I enjoyed poring over his Vogue and Vanity Fair work. The galleries also feature some of his contemporaries. George Holz credits Helmut Newton in guiding his career. Holz is best known for his celebrity photography and many of his shots are iconic. The top floor of the museum explores emerging trends in photography.

White Nights and White Swans

From late May to early July, St. Petersburg is literally the city that never sleeps — because it never gets dark! The city is situated at a latitude where, during this time, twilight lasts all night. The atmosphere is lively and bustling 24/7 (more so on weekends).

These “White Nights” are not unique to St. Petersburg but here they take it to another level. The St. Petersburg “White Nights” are also a two-month cultural celebration featuring the “Stars of the White Nights,” a series of opera, orchestral performances and classical ballet.

Did I say classical ballet? Tonight we attended Swan Lake at the famous Mariinsky Theatre! For me, this was a true highlight of our trip. To see a Russian Ballet, particularly Tchaikovsky’s Swan Lake, in Russia? Just WOW! The theatre, the sets, the costumes — all stunning. Most impressive, however, was the spellbinding performance. The male leads were strong, seemingly suspended in the air leap after leap. The corps de ballet as swans were beautifully synchronized as they floated across the stage. When they perform as maidens, we were awestruck by their precision, lining up like statues in difficult ballet extensions in what seemed like forever. Oxana Skorik as Odette/Odile? Frank and I were awed. The grace of her arms, her long stretch and elegant athleticism, all unworldly. Her pliability and energy had Frank scratching his head, “How can she do that?” An amazing, truly magical performance!

Did you know that the first time they performed “Swan Lake,” it was a flop? The show premiered in 1877 at the Bolshoi in Moscow. The critics panned the choreographer and lead dancer so bad that no one dared bring it back to the stage again until 1893. The score and choreography were reworked and the rest is history. “Swan Lake” and the White Swan are symbols of the beauty and magnificence of the Russian Ballet.

A Window to Europe

Over and over, we’ve said to ourselves that St. Petersburg doesn’t feel much different than Europe. There’s a reason for that. This weekend, the city celebrated its 317th birthday. That’s relatively young compared to most European cities (and just a little older than Washington DC). When Peter I (later Peter the Great) came to power, Russia was pretty backward after decades of famine and political turbulence. There was much distrust of foreigners. His reign was a turning point. 

Peter I was determined to make Russia a great European power. Early in his reign, he set off to Europe to gather knowledge and develop a plan for Russian prosperity. He recruited military and technical experts who would share their skills with the country.

The city of St. Petersburg was Peter the Great’s grand legacy. His new port city opened a gateway for trade, business and cultural exchange. Art forms that had been forbidden by the medieval Russian Orthodox Church (i.e. portraiture, instrumental music, and dramatic productions) soon became part of the nation’s cultural life. By the mid-18th century Russians were producing ballets, operas, chamber music, baroque architecture, and novels. Under Peter I’s rule, artists were sent abroad to study, and painters from Western Europe were brought to work in Russia.

I was on the hunt for Kandinsky paintings and was excited to explore St. Petersburg’s wonderful art museums. The State Russian Museum houses an amazing collection of Russian artwork with a half dozen of the artist’s paintings. The Hermitage is the city’s largest museum with three million pieces(!) and 120 rooms. Two of its most famous artifacts are the silver sarcophagus of Alexander Nevsky and the gold Peacock Clock. It has an impressive collection of Russian and international masterpieces. Here, I was thrilled to find a full room of Kandinsky! (Yay!)

The Faberge Museum had a fabulous collection of famous Faberge eggs. I was surprised to see the jewelry, china and silver pieces — most of them gifts to the royal family.

Another place we found particularly interesting was the Alexander Nevsky Lavra (or cemetery). Here we found the ornate graves of many famous Russian poets, composers and writers. Thankfully they had an English map, as all the gravestones were naturally in Russian!

When Peter the Great founded the city, he wanted to create the “Venice of the North.” The River Neva was intended to be Main Street. We took a boat ride with our hostess Sasha and some of her family and friend. It was fun to see the city from a new perspective.

The first building built in St Petersburg was the Peter and Paul fortress. The Cathedral inside is the city’s oldest church and the burial place of most of the royal family, including the remains of Nicholas and Alexandra and their children. The fortress prison was used up until the 1920’s for political prisoners. Now, the area is a popular hangout when the weather finally gets warm.

Although their system is good, we rarely used the St. Petersburg public transit. When we did, we noted the depth of some of the stations. This is due to the swampy soil. We saw thick, metal recessed walls that could close off the metro tunnels in the event of disaster. (Some had been used in the past for bomb shelters.)

We walked almost everywhere as our apartment was centrally located. The streets were kept very clean and there were underground walkways at busy intersections. When we went further, we used Yandex (who purchased Uber). Rates were so cheap at only USD 1.50 to 3.00 per ride!

St. Petersburg offers countless shopping options. There are lots of little souvenir shops. All the major luxury chains are here, as well as some mass market (i.e. H&M, Zara).

And the food? St. Petersburg is SOOO much more than borscht and caviar! Restaurant options are countless, including many classic white table establishments, coffee shops and new concept restaurants. Frank and I especially enjoyed a little “old school” chain called Soviet Cafe. They played Cold War movies while you ate! Yes, we ate Chicken Kiev, Beef Stroganoff and Russian dumplings! Desserts are a must, either at the restaurant or from the many cafes and bake shops. In some restaurants, the bill (which you must request, they don’t rush you) comes in a little box and you place your cash inside.

So yes, St. Petersburg feels very European — fashion, art, architecture, restaurants, shopping — very international. But the city has it own vibe and, like every place, a unique backstory. A part of you is very aware that you are someplace very special and historically significant. Peter the Great’s vision for a “window to Europe” is actually a doorway, one that I am so happy we could pass through . . .

“Za Nashua Druzjbu!” or “To our friendship!”
(We learned that Russians don’t usually say “na zdarovje” which means “bless you” as when someone sneezes or thanks you for a nice, cooked meal!)

36 Hours to Moscow

Could we come to Russia without seeing Moscow? Of course not. Our journey began on the overnight train from St. Petersburg. Our two person cabin was cozy and comfortable. We left at 11:30pm and arrived in Moscow at 8:30am.

Although one cannot get a true feel for a place in a single day, we did our best to see what we could. We zigzagged Moscow with our new friend Yuri, utilizing the city’s public transport, along with lots and lots of walking.

Moscow is the capital city of Russia, as well as the country’s largest city. In 2016, the estimated population was about 12 million. Being a warm, sunny Sunday, it seemed many of those 12 million were out and about. The main sights were buzzing with tourists (as to be expected) but we saw countless young families, older couples and lots of young people enjoying local parks, festivals and restaurants. The atmosphere was lively and friendly. Honestly, we felt like we could have been in Toronto or Minneapolis.

We were surprised at the distance between the various areas we visited. Moscow is the eleventh largest megacity by area but remains, however, surprisingly navigable. Frank was super impressed with the city’s mass transit; the metro, trams, monorail and buses are interconnected and well-marked, not to mention extremely affordable. The metro itself has 200+ stops, with plans to add another 60 stops by 2020. (See more fun facts about the Metro below.)

Downtown Moscow is modern and clean with impressive skyscrapers. We visited the observatory of one, which was mobbed with school-aged Muscovites celebrating the end of exams and taking advantage of unlimited free ice cream! We passed numerous shopping centers, restaurants and theatres.

To say we were pleasantly surprised with our whirlwind snapshot of Moscow would be an understatement. Although it does not have the charm of St. Petersburg, as a major metropolitan city, Moscow offers much to be appreciated.

The Kremlin is an area in the Moscow center, overlooking the Moscow River to the south, Saint Basil’s Cathedral and Red Square to the east, and Alexander Garden to the west. The area contains five palaces, four cathedrals, and an enclosing wall.

Additional Fun Facts About Moscow’s Metro System

Moscow Metro System: 200+ stops and growing

Frank was fascinated by the Moscow’s metro system. Here are a few fun facts pulled from an article he found:

  • The Moscow Metropolitan is one of the busiest subways in the world. The system transports 9 million people A DAY! It holds the world record for on-time departures and arrivals. According to the Moscow transport department, its accuracy equals 99.99 percent.
  • During the airstrikes of World War II the Moscow subway, as well as the subways in some other cities, became bomb-proof shelters. Half a million people found shelter underground. Women and children slept in the carriages of trains that were parked overnight next to the platforms.When German airstrikes were especially frequent, there were shops and hairdressing salons in operation at the stations. The Kurskaya metro station had a working library.
  • There is a legend concerning the appearance of the circle line, which had not been planned in the original project. Legend has it that at a session devoted to its construction Stalin put his cup of coffee on the metro map leaving a brown spot around the city center. Stalin showed the circle to the builders and ordered the construction of such a line. Supposedly that is how the circle line appeared and that is why it now has a brown color on the map.
  • Over the past five years underground concerts have been held every May 15 in honor of the subway’s anniversary. The wonderful acoustics of the stations made the situation too good to pass up.
  • While traveling on the radial lines of the Moscow Metropolitan to the center the stations are announced by men’s voices and while going from the center women announce them. On the circle line men’s voices announce the stations while going in the clockwise direction, with women’s voices used when going counterclockwise. This is done to simplify the orientation for blind people in the subway.